Linux Utilities and Basics Commands

Kali Linux Basics Commands:-The following is a list of commonly used commands which are organized under different categories for understanding and ease of use.  Keys proceeded by a ^ character are CONTROL key combinations. Scroll Down to learn more about Kali Linux Basics Commandskali linux utilities and basics commands
  Kali Linux Basics CommandsTerminal Control Characters^h                backspace erase previously typed character^u                erase entire line of input so far typed^d                end-of-input for programs reading from terminal^s                stop printing on terminal^q                continues printing on terminal^z                 currently running job; restart with bg or fgDEL, ^c      kill currently running program and allow clean-up before exiting^                 emergency kill of currently running program with no chance of cleanupLogin and AuthenticationLogin access computer; start interactive sessionLogout disconnect terminal sessionPasswd change local login password; you must set a non-trivial password
date                             show date and timehistory                        list of previously executed commandspine                            send or receive mail messagesmsgs                           display system messagesman                            show on-line documentation by program nameinfo                             on-line documentation for GNU programsw, who who               is on the system and what are they doingwho am i who           is logged onto this terminaltop                              show system status and top CPU-using processesuptime                       show one line summary of system statusfinger                         find out info about a user@systemFile Managementcat                             combine filescp                              copy filesls                                list files in a directory and their attributesmv                             change file name or directory locationrm                              remove filesln                               create another link (name) to a filechmod                      set file permissionsdes                            encrypt a data file with a private keyfind                           find files that match specified criteriaDisplay Contents of Filescat                            copy file to display devicevi                              screen editor for modifying text filesmore                        show text file on display terminal with paging controlhead                         show first few lines of a file(s)tail                            show last few lines of a file; or reverse line order Operating Systemgrep                          display lines that match a patternlpr                             send file to line printerpr                              format file with page headers, multiple columns etc.diff                           compare two files and show differencescmp                         compare two binary files and report if differentod                             display binary file as equivalent octal/hex codesfile                            examine file(s) and tell you whether text, data, etc.wc                             count characters, words, and lines in a fileDirectoriescd                             change to new directorymkdir                      create new directoryrmdir                      remove empty directory (remove files first)mv                           change name of directorypwd                         show current directoryDevicesdf                             summarize free space on disk devicedu                            show disk space used by files or directoriesSpecial Character Handling for C-shell*                               match any characters in a file name~user                      shorthand for home directory of “user”$name                    substitute value of variable “name”                               turn off special meaning of character that follows‘                                In pairs, quote string with special chars, except !“                               In pairs, quote string with special chars, except !, $`                               In pairs, substitute output from enclosed commandControlling Program Execution for C-shell&                              run job in backgroundDEL, ^c                  kill job in foreground^z                            suspend job in foregroundfg                             restart suspended job in foregroundbg                           run suspended job in background;                              delimit commands on same line( )                           group commands on same line!                              re-run earlier command from history listps                           print process statuskill                          kill background job or previous processnice                        run program at lower priorityat                            run program at a later timecrontab                  run program at specified intervalslimit                       see or set resource limits for programsalias                        create alias name for program (in .login)sh, csh                    execute command fileKali Linux Basics Commands

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