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Pending home sales rose strongly in May with all regions experiencing gains from a year ago, pointing to higher housing activity in the second half of the year, according to the National Association of REALTORS®.
The Pending Home Sales Index rose 8.2 percent to 88.8 in May from an upwardly revised 82.1 in April and is 13.4 percent higher than the 78.3 reading in May 2010. The data reflects contracts but not closings, which normally occur with a lag time of one or two months.
This is the first time since April 2010 that contract activity was above year-ago levels, and the monthly gain was the strongest increase since last November when the index rose 10.6 percent.
Lawrence Yun, NAR chief economist, said the improvement bodes well for home prices. “Absorption of inventory is the key to price improvement, and this solid gain in contract signings implies that home values in many localities are or will soon be stabilizing as inventories get absorbed at a faster pace,” he said.
“Some markets have made a rapid turnaround, going from soft activity to contract signings rising by more than 30 percent from a year ago, including areas such as Hartford, Conn., Indianapolis, Minneapolis, Houston, and Seattle,” Yun added.
Pending home sales have trended up unevenly since bottoming last June, rising in seven of the past 11 months. “Home sales still could be 15 to 20 percent higher,” Yun said. “If banks would simply return to normal, sound underwriting standards and begin lending to more creditworthy borrowers, we’d get a much faster recovery in the housing sector.”
“In addition, a nonsensical situation has developed recently in some states with HUD unable to complete foreclosure deals because of insufficient funds to pay attorney fees at closing, even with buyers offering the full listing price,” Yun added.
▪ The PHSI in the Northeast rose 7.3 percent to 69.2 in May and is 4.4 percent above a year ago.
▪ In the Midwest, the index jumped 10.5 percent to 82.8 and is 17.2 percent higher than May 2010.
▪ Pending home sales in the South increased 4.1 percent to an index of 95.0 in May and are 14.6 percent higher than a year ago.
▪ In the West, the index surged 12.9 percent to 100.6 and is 13.5 percent above May 2010.
Yun cautioned that healthy job creation is necessary to ensure a solid recovery in both housing and the overall economy. “The job market has sputtered recently, and because variations in local job creation impact housing demand, markets will recover unevenly around the country,” he said.
About NAR’s Pending Home Sales Index
NAR’s Pending Home Sales Index (PHSI) is released during the first
week of each month. It is designed to be a leading indicator of housing
The index measures housing contract activity. It is based on signed
real estate contracts for existing single-family homes, condos and
co-ops. A signed contract is not counted as a sale until the transaction
closes. Modeling for the PHSI looks at the monthly relationship between
existing-home sale contracts and transaction closings over the last
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