Zipalign

zipalign is an archive alignment tool that provides important

optimization to Android application (.apk) files.

The purpose is to ensure that all uncompressed data starts

with a particular alignment relative to the start of the file.

Specifically,

it causes all uncompressed data within the .apk, such as images or raw files,

to be aligned on 4-byte boundaries. This

allows all portions to be accessed directly with mmap() even if they

contain binary data with alignment restrictions.

The benefit is a reduction in the amount of RAM consumed

when running the application.

This tool should always be used to align your .apk file before

distributing it to end-users. The Android build tools can handle

this for you. When using Eclipse with the ADT plugin, the Export Wizard

will automatically zipalign your .apk after it signs it with your private key.

The build scripts used

when compiling your application with Ant will also zipalign your .apk,

as long as you have provided the path to your keystore and the key alias in

your project ant.properties file, so that the build tools

can sign the package first.

Caution: zipalign must only be performed

after the .apk file has been signed with your private key.

If you perform zipalign before signing, then the signing procedure will undo

the alignment. Also, do not make alterations to the aligned package.

Alterations to the archive, such as renaming or deleting entries, will

potentially disrupt the alignment of the modified entry and all later

entries. And any files added to an “aligned” archive will not be aligned.

The adjustment is made by altering the size of

the “extra” field in the zip Local File Header sections.

Existing data

in the “extra” fields may be altered by this process.

For more information about how to use zipalign when building your

application, please read .

To align infile.apk and save it as outfile.apk:

zipalign [-f] [-v] infile.apk outfile.apk

To confirm the alignment of existing.apk:

zipalign -c -v existing.apk

The is an integer that defines the byte-alignment boundaries.

This must always be 4 (which provides 32-bit alignment) or else it effectively

does nothing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *